Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota

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Hericium erinaceus (Bull.) Pers., Comm. fung. clav. (Lipsiae): 27 (1797)

Hydnum caput-medusae Bull., Herb. Fr. (Paris) 9: tab. 412 (1780)
Hydnum erinaceus Bull., Herb. Fr. (Paris) 1: tab. 34 (1781) [1780-81]
Steccherinum quercinum Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 651 (1821)
Hericium unguiculatum (Pers.) Legon & A. Henrici, Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota (Richmond): 126 (2005)

Habitat: On living or dead, standing or fallen, trunks and main branches of broadleaved trees, usually Fagus and rarely on Carpinus and Quercus spp. in old deciduous woodland. Reported on Fraxinus and Populus sp. but these hosts are unverified.

Notes: Rare. Virtually confined to old deciduous woodland in southern and south-western England, with single records from Cheshire (Greater Manchester) in 1989 and from Wales in 1999. Now commercially cultivated.

Distribution: E: !, W: ?

Vouchers: England: K(M) 24572

Descriptions, Lists & Icons:
D+I:, in Phillips, R., Mushrooms and other fungi of Great Britain & Europe: 288 pp. (1981), as Hericium erinaceus, p. 245
D+I:, in Pegler, D.N., Roberts, P.J. & Spooner, B.M., British Chanterelles and Tooth Fungi: an account of the British Cantharelloid and stipitate Hydnoid Fungi, (Ed.: Pegler D.N., Roberts P.J., and Spooner B.M.): 114 pp. (1997), p. 56-57
D:, in Hansen, L. & Knudsen, H., Nordic Macromycetes Heterobasidioid, Aphyllophoroid and Gasteromycetoid Basidiomycetes 3: 444 pp. (1997), p. 284

Conservation Status: Vulnerable (Red Data List, Ing 1992); removed from list (Red Data List, Evans et al. 2006); BAP species; Listed on Schedule 8 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. Legal protection covers picking and destruction; Biodiversity Action Plan

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